Glossary

Aniline

Aniline dyed and aniline finished leathers, have no pigments, thus all of nature’s marks are fully visible.

Belt

These leathers a very firm and stiff.

Buffing
(corrected grain)

Hides are often buffed with a large sanding machine to minimize the appearance of gross surface imperfections such as wrinkles or healed scratches in the finished product. This process makes leather more uniform, but also may reduce the natural grain and markings that make each hide unique and naturally beautiful. We use the product name "BUFFED" in our descriptions.

Crust

A stage of the leather after retanning and conditioning but before any finish applications. May be called 'unfinished' or 'crust' at this point.

Custom Made Embossing Plates

Let us make your Custom Embossing Plate for Veg-Tan Leather! Just send us your idea and we will do the rest. They work great on moistened Veg-Tan tooling leather. Use an arbor press, shop press, bench vise or any other clamping device you have.

Design

A finish operation where a design roll has been used with finish to create an antique look of the leathers surface.

Nubuck

Is a leather buffed (corrected) and brushed to create a soft, velvety surface with a slight nappy effect. Unlike suede which is created from the flesh (inner) side of a hide. Nubuck is created using the grain side, giving it added strength.

Oily

A process where oils are applied to the leather. A 'Pull-Up' may be created using oils.

Old Age

This is an upholstery product that has a look and feel of older leather. Some may call it a distressed look. Perfect for reupholstering antiques.

Printed

The process of embossing or plating that creates a texture on leather by impressing it with a pattern.

Pull-Up

When pulled tight or folded it produces a brilliant burst of color. Pull-Up's are full aniline leathers that have been oiled and/or waxed. When the leather is pulled or folded, the oil and/or wax separates causing the color to become brighter. We use the term "PULL-UP" in our product descriptions.

Quarter Skin

Half of a side cut from the mid back to the belly. Four quarters make a whole hide.

Upholstery

These are the whole hides (1 piece). Mainly used in the furniture world. We aslo cur these leathers into smaller pieces. From our category list, you may drop down the list to find "Upholstery Sides", "Upholstery Quartered", "Upholstery Remnants" and more.

Semi-Aniline

A semi-aniline leather has been aniline dyed, then slightly pigmented. Because pigment is solid, this type of leather helps to ensure color consistency.

Temper

Defines the pliability/softness of the leather.



FIRM: Leather that has hard and bony characteristics. Firm leather represents products requiring very little flexibility. Belts, straps etc...



REGULAR: Leather is slightly firm and having no bony qualities. When worked, regular leathers display smooth, even folds. Shoes, boots etc...



MELLOW: This type of leather is very limber and pliant. No snap when worked, tends to lack firmness. Handbags, sneakers etc...



SOFT: Leather that is extremely flexible and pliant. Garment, upholstery etc...



If there is a plus sign "+" after the temper term, it means it is a little more firm than the temper term itself. For instance: "MELLOW+" means it is a little more firm than MELLOW but softer than REGULAR. Like in between terms...

Splits

A by product from the hide being split to the desired thickness of which creates two parts, Topgrain/Fullgrain and the "Split".

Side(s)

Half of a whole hide. Cut down the back bone from neck to butt.

Tumbled

The leather is tumbled in a large drum to produce a softer more pliable product. Many times this operation can cause a pebble look in the surface of the leather.

Smooth

These are corrected leathers with a fully pigmented finish producing a very smooth and clean surface.

Whole Hide

For upholstery, the whole skin coverings of large animals.

Weights

Characterizes the thickness of the leather.


Click here for Weight Conversions

Full Grain

Full Grain leathers should display the natural markings and grain characteristics from the animal of which it was taken. Full Grain leathers generally come from a better quality hide or skin and no sanding processes are applied to its surface. Full Grain leathers offer a natural look and feel and are treated by transparent aniline dyes.